Green tea is a much-known name now-a-days but do you know about a very delicate sibling of green tea which is not that popular as green tea but is quite rich in terms of its health benefits — White Tea, which is gaining popularity day by day because of its immense quantity of antioxidants and much reduced levels of caffeine content than the age-old black and green tea. Because of this, today we are off to discuss about Advantages Of White Tea Over Green Tea.
Moreover, there are multiple White Tea health benefits that will aid you in your weight loss journey, boost your immunity, act as a wonderful agent to improve your overall beauty in terms of skin and hair and many more.
Origin : Camellia sinensis plant
Though the black and green tea are also produced from the same plant mentioned above but the difference in individual processing makes each one identical in its own way. Usually white tea is made from the unopened buds or more precisely the plant shoots. A good quality white tea is made from the tea plant when it is at its primary growth stage.
These buds and unfolded leaves of the just-out shoots on the tea plant are handpicked and then quickly and very carefully dried so that the leaves do not oxidize as long as leaves plucked for green or black tea production. Thus, white tea is minimally processed in comparison to green tea or black tea which is why the quantity of antioxidants is much higher in the latter than the former.
How White Tea Is Harvested
The tea plants that are plucked for white tea production are grown at an altitude of approximately 5000 – 6500 ft. above sea level. The processing of white tea involves the following steps:-
1. Buds plucking
A special plucking technique called Buds Plucking is used for plucking the unopened succulent buds and fresh just-out leaves of white tea plant Camellia sinensis. Usually this plucking happens once in every 7 days and the plucked leaves and buds are kept in very clean baskets.
2. Withering or Sunlight Drying
To keep away from oxidation, white tea is kept away from artificial heat. The unopened buds (with / without leaves) are kept in very clean boxes under sunlight with certain restricted conditions thereby making them almost free of moisture.
This way the most delicate, absolutely fresh from the garden and awfully flavored tea is produced. To ensure shelf life of the white, the moisture content in it is usually brought down to almost 1% or so. This drying process ensures that fermentation has stopped completely, prevents further molding and makes the tea more flavorful. This extra care is taken while sun-drying of white tea to prevent chlorophyll production.
Good quality white tea is stored in a metal box or the glass storage and this storage container should be airtight.
Varieties of White Tea
White Tea can broadly be classified into the following varieties. Apart from these, there are few others as well but not that popular.
Silver Needle White Tea
This type of white tea is made from the silvery white buds of the tea plant only. This is one of the most expensive types of white tea. It is the most flavorful white tea with a delicate floral and fruity flavor and a pale yellow color.
White Peony White Tea
This variety comes next in quality made from the initial first and second leaves of the tea plant. However the best quality of White Peony has both buds and leaves covered in silver white hair. Compared to the silver needle type, this one has a stronger flavor and a comparatively darker color since its leaves are not fully oxidized.
Now-a-days, White Peony is being produced along with Silver Needles in dominant tea growing regions as in Darjeeling, Nepal, Nilgiris etc. Major health benefits of White Peony include betterment of kidney health, liver support and its blood thinning properties.
Eyebrow White Tea
This variety is much lower quality than the above two and is made from the more mature leaves than White Peony. Eyebrow White Tea is made from leaves left over after the harvesting of Silver Needle and White Peony. The processing of this type is a little different from the above ones.
Caffeine Content of White Tea
Caffeine present in White tea is the least in comparison to other popular teas like green tea and black tea. Though, the actual caffeine content in white tea depends typically on the plant and the region where the plant was grown. But then again, usually a good quality white tea ensures the presence of the least amount of caffeine.
White Tea vs. Green Tea
Though both white tea and green tea are produced from the same plant Camellia sinensis, they vary from each other in multiple aspects. They vary in processing resulting in different taste, texture, flavor, color and properties.
Harvesting & Processing
While the harvesting of white tea leaves is done at a much younger age from the unopened buds and often very young leaves of the plant (depends on the various types of white tea), green tea leaves are picked after the buds have formed shoots and comparatively matured leaves are used for green tea.
In terms of processing, oxidation of leaves makes a huge difference in the flavor, color, texture of the tea. Oxidation happens on exposure of the tea leaves in air containing oxygen which is the minimum or almost negligible for white tea whereas for green tea, it is higher.
Due to the difference in processing, though the same antioxidants are present in both the tea but the quantity of antioxidant is much higher in white tea than green tea.
Though both the green and white tea are lesser in caffeine content but white tea is much more popular in terms of lesser caffeine content than its green counterpart.
Taste & Flavor
As white tea is minimally processed, its taste is slightly sweeter and flavor is quite lighter whereas green tea has a comparatively stronger flavor and a bitter taste.
ECGC content leading to multiple health benefits
Catechins are an important component in any type of tea which is a chemical compound in the form of antioxidant. ECGC (epigallocatechin gallate) is the most abundantly found catechin in tea. White tea has a much higher content of this than green tea thereby aiding in numerous health benefits of white tea.
White tea is much more expensive than the green tea because it involves more delicate processing in comparison to green tea.
So what are you waiting for guys after going through this detailed piece of information on Advantages Of White Tea Over Green Tea?
Go and replace your cup of black or green tea with white tea and enjoy all the benefits of having the perfect sip with the right texture, awesome flavor and the most attractive color.